What is CAM (Common Area Maintenance) Reconciliation?

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Common area maintenance charges (usually abbreviated as CAM) are often part of a NNN commercial lease.

As one of the net charges billed to tenants in a NNN lease, this fee allows landlords to take proper care of their commercial properties. Here’s what you need to know about CAM costs, tenants’ and landlords’ roles in the process, and CAM reconciliation.

What do common area maintenance charges include? 

CAM charges cover the expenses of maintaining or repairing common areas that commercial tenants share. It may vary depending on the lease, but generally, it may include any of the following costs:

  • Cleaning of lobbies, bathrooms, elevators, etc. 
  • Landscaping
  • Snow removal
  • Parking lot repair and maintenance
  • Security systems 
  • Trash pickup 
  • Other repair, maintenance, or janitorial needs in common areas 

Costs will vary from one property to the next, but landlords should communicate with their tenants and inform them about the allocation of CAM charges.     

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How Are CAM Costs Divided Among Tenants? 

A CAM charge is generally a passthrough expense normally referred to in a lease as additional rent that is charged in addition to the base rent. It is usually based on a tenant’s pro-rata share or their proportionate share of a building calculated by square footage. The lease agreements will outline CAM charges for each tenant’s share.

It’s also important to note that not all leases require that tenants pay CAM charges. In a gross lease, tenants pay for everything in one lump sum instead of paying a base rent and a CAM charge. Commercial triple net (NNN) leases are the most common type of lease that bills tenants for common area maintenance. 

What is CAM Reconciliation?

CAM reconciliation is the process of summing up all the expenses paid by the landlord throughout a calendar year or CAM period and ensuring those expenses match the actual amounts paid by the tenants sharing the common area where the expenses took place.

If the expenses collected are more than what the tenants paid, then the tenants are responsible for providing the difference of those expenses.

If the expenses collected are less than what the tenants paid, the landlord is responsible for returning the difference to the tenants.

For most NNN leases, CAM expenses typically serve as a passthrough expense.

Check out the 6 Best Practices for Common Area Maintenance (CAM) Reconciliation. This article will be a good place to start in order to understand the reconciliation process better.

How Can A Landlord Make CAM Reconciliation Easier for Everyone?

No one wants to have unexpected costs at the end of the year. If the landlord overestimated the CAM costs, they would be responsible for reimbursing each tenant their respective share. But, if they underestimated the CAM costs, tenants would receive an unpleasant surprise when they receive the bill for the additional expenses they owe. If the difference is significant, it can be problematic for either party who must pay. Therefore, landlords must estimate CAM costs as accurately as possible to make CAM reconciliation less of a burden. Be sure to understand where you could make grave mistakes and how to avoid them.

For effortless CAM reconciliation, turn to STRATAFOLIO.

CAM Reconciliation

With our tool, you can manage and track all your net expenses throughout the year, so you can instantly know if you need to tighten up on an expense category or ramp up your spending. You have a quick visual to see how you are doing with each tenant in relation to your CAM budget. Plus, when it is time to do reconciliation, we help you with an easily exportable report that you can share with your tenants.

With all your commercial real estate data organized in one place, you can make more accurate estimates for next year. Contact us for a free demo to learn more! 


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Jeri Frank
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What is CAM (Common Area Maintenance) Reconciliation?
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What is CAM (Common Area Maintenance) Reconciliation?
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CAM reconciliation is a critical part of managing commercial leases. Learn what goes into CAM reconciliation and how STRATAFOLIO helps.
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